Historical Thinking and Skills

1. Time can be measured

2. Personal history can be shared through stories and pictures


3. Heritage is reflected through the arts, customs, traditions, family celebrations and language.

4. Nations are represented by symbols and practices. Symbols and practices of the United States include the American flag, Pledge of Allegiance and the National Anthem.

Spatial Thinking and Skills

5. Terms related to direction and distance as well as symbols and landmarks, can be used to talk about the relative location of familiar places.

6. Models and maps represent places.

Human Systems

7. Humans depend on and impact the physical environment in order to supply food, clothing and shelter.

8. Individuals are unique but share common characteristics of multiple groups.

Civic Participation and Skills

9. Individuals have shared responsibilities toward the achievement of common goals in homes, schools and communities.

Rules and Laws

10. The purpose of rules and authority figures is to provide order, security and safety in the home, school and community.


11. People have many wants and make decisions to satisfy those wants. These decisions impact others.

Production and Consumption

12. Goods are objects that can satisfy people’s wants. Services are actions that can satisfy people’s wants.

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