3rd Grade

Historical Thinking and Skills

1. Events in local history can be shown on timelines organized by years, decades and centuries.

2. Primary sources such as artifacts, maps and photographs can be used to show change over time.

Heritage

3. Local communities change over time.

Spatial Thinking and Skills

4. Physical and political maps have distinctive characteristics and purposes. Places can be located on a map by using the title, key, alphanumeric grid and cardinal directions.

Places and Regions

5. Daily life is influenced by the agriculture, industry and natural resources in different communities.

Human Systems

6. Evidence of human modification of the environment can be observed in the local community.

7. Systems of transportation and communication move people, products and ideas from place to place.

8. Communities may include diverse cultural groups.

Civic Participation and Skills

9. Members of local communities have social and political responsibilities.

10. Individuals make their community a better place by solving problems in a way that promotes the common good.

Rules and Laws

11. Laws are rules which apply to all people in a community and describe the ways people are expected to behave. Laws promote order and security, provide public services and protect the rights of individuals in the local community.

Roles and Systems of Government

12. Governments have authority to make and enforce laws.

13. The structure of local governments may differ from one community to another.

Economic Decision Making and Skills

14. Line graphs are used to show changes in data over time.

15. Both positive and negative incentives affect people’s choices and behaviors.

Scarcity

16. Individuals must make decisions because of the scarcity of resources. Making a decision involved an opportunity cost, the value of the next best alternative given up when an economic choice is made.

Production and Consumption

17. A consumer is a person whose wants are satisfied by using goods and services. A producer makes good and/or provides services.

Markets

18. A market is where buyers and sellers exchange goods and services.

Financial Literacy

19. Making decisions involves weighing costs and benefits.

20. A budget is a plan to help people make personal economic decisions for the present and future and to become more financially responsible.

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