Historical Thinking and Skills
1. Multiple-tier timelines can be used to show relationships among events and places.
2. Early Indian civilizations (Maya, Inca, Aztec, Mississippian) existed in the Western Hemisphere prior to the arrival of Europeans. These civilizations had developed unique governments, social structures, religions, technologies, and agricultural practices and products.
3. European exploration and colonization had lasting effects which can be used to understand the Western Hemisphere today.
Spatial Thinking and Skills
4. Globes and other geographic tools can be used to gather, process and report information about people, places and environments. Cartographers decide which information to include in maps.
5. Latitude and longitude can be used to make observations about location and generalizations about climate.
Places and Regions
7. Variations among physical environments within the Western Hemisphere influence human activities. Human activities also alter the physical environment.
8. American Indians developed unique cultures with many different ways of life. American Indian tribes and nations can be classified into cultural groups based on geographic and cultural similarities.
9. Political, environmental, social and economic factors cause people, products and ideas to move from place to place in the Western Hemisphere today.
10. The Western Hemisphere is culturally diverse due to American Indian, European, Asian and African influences and interactions, as evidenced by artistic expression, language, religion and food.
Civic Participation and Skills
11. Individuals can better understand public issues by gathering and interpreting information from multiple sources. Data can be displayed graphically to effectively and efficiently communicate information.
Roles and Systems of Government
Economic Decision Making and Skills
13. Information displayed in circle graphs can be used to show relative proportions of segments of data to an entire body of data.
14. The choices people make have both present and future consequences.
15. The availability of productive resources (i.e., human resources, capital goods and natural resources) promotes specialization that leads to trade.
Production and Consumption
16. The availability of productive resources and the division of labor impact productive capacity.
18. Workers can improve their ability to earn income by gaining new knowledge, skills and experiences.